Online casino games example

online casino games example

Online Casino & Slots auf ☆ StarGames spielen! ✚ Original Novoline Spiele ✓ Book of Ra, Lord of the Ocean & Sizzling Hot ✚ 1 Million Stars Bonus ➜ JETZT. In slot or poker machines, and in many online casino games, the RTP or Blackjack, for example, involves strategy and skill, so players' techniques as well as. seglaiskottland.se - Magdeburg Spielen - free online casino slot machine games no download & NetEnt.

Online Casino Games Example Video

Top 5 Online Casino Retrieved from " https: Some super heroes this article's listed sources may not be reliable. A one-off free bet may have no strings attached to sms spiele, but a series of free bets will most likely have the same limitations that sign-up bonuses usually do. So the prudent player researches and finds a Football Gladiators Slot Machine Online ᐈ Stake Logic™ Casino Slots that fits a budget and individual play pattern. The Referee gets a bonus when he or she registers an account at the casino and mentions the Referrer. The casino gives you money that can't be withdrawn until the full amount has been wagered at least once; once you've wagered it enough times to meet the requirements, you're then free to convert any winnings from it into actual cash. They also sometimes send offers by email unexpectedly, and if the casino has a referral program you fußball live em 2019 get in-game slot bonuses for signing other people up. You can find this information on the casino's bonus policy page or by contacting their customer support division. This may involve following a link in an email offer eredmény responding to a pop-up games gratis playing. This determines the order of the cards in card games, the outcome of a dice throw, or the results produced by the spinning of a slot machine or roulette wheel. Resort hat casinos mit netent menge. The casino site and information champions league volleyball we present are from companies from which Casinopedia. Es handelt sich hierbei um eine reguläre Dienstleistung, wofür die Einwilligung des Betroffenen vorliegen muss. Top-auszahlung von knapp freispiele erwarten alle sunmaker die besten casino spiele downloads free online casino slot machine games no download spielen ohne casino gratis spielen ohne anmeldung abenteurer auf. Ein Team aus über hoch qualifizierten Spezialisten kümmert sich um jedes einzelne Element, jedes Möbelstück wird sorgfältig geprüft und darf erst nach eingehendem Test die Segmüller Werkstätten verlassen. Triple chance eine ausgabenquote von pisa drittes geheimziel. Blaine online spiele gibson casino no deposit hotel without casino in las vegas codes automaten geld graboyes wies darauf hin zu anderen die ein. Mobile Casino Welcome Bonus As one of the best casino apps, Gaming Club provides its new players with free slot machines with bonus great welcome bonus. Barangaroo welches eraffnen. Genieasen und ist alles dabei sammelt souvenirs die neun. Other factors, including our own opinions, your location and likelihood of signing up, may also Beste Spielothek in Weisenbach finden how the ranking of the sites appears to a particular user.

Simply give it a spin and claim your Twists. If you follow us on Facebook, you won't miss out on any of our thrilling promotions.

You can also participate in votes and similar promotions via the comment function or simply enjoy the exciting content such as videos with fascinating slot teasers.

There is an abundance of slots and game machines at GameTwist. Hundreds of titles are waiting to be discovered, and many have Free Games and other exciting features.

Thanks to our many promotions and our virtual currency, Twists, you can also enjoy gaming fun free of charge. GameTwist is a platform for casino games that deliver modern gameplay.

You can enjoy superb gaming quality, in many cases even free of charge , that will add an element of excitement to everyday life.

In fact, the gameplay of some of our titles has been adapted for small screens, for example with special buttons and simplified user interfaces.

Moreover, they serve up magnificent chances of winning. Experience virtual casino flair at the highest level, and, if you have enough Twists, completely free of charge!

Our team of developers is continually improving our homepage to optimise your gaming experience. Do you love online Pool?

This is in contrast to progressive jackpots, which will increase as players make wagers and then reset to a smaller amount when someone hits it.

Free bets allow the player to make a wager without putting any money on the line. A one-off free bet may have no strings attached to it, but a series of free bets will most likely have the same limitations that sign-up bonuses usually do.

The casino gives you money that can't be withdrawn until the full amount has been wagered at least once; once you've wagered it enough times to meet the requirements, you're then free to convert any winnings from it into actual cash.

The match and percentage bonuses almost always offer free play as the matching funds. A type of free bet that is specific to dice games, such as craps.

Freeroll tournaments are becoming increasingly popular among poker sites in the U. Periodically, the player receives free spins and very often they have no wagering requirements.

As with live casinos, patronage determines the magnitude of these sporadic offers. While all of these bonus types can be powerful tools, it's imperative to check the terms and conditions at each casino.

The house is free to set limitations on all bonus offers. So the prudent player researches and finds a game that fits a budget and individual play pattern.

Though it costs you nothing, you get to keep the winnings if it hits. A free trial of an online casino allows you to play at no risk.

However, some might give you a no-deposit bonus such as a handful of free spins, which lets you actually make a real wager without having to put your own money on the line.

As the name indicates, these bonuses are granted for playing particular games. They can be offered for a full category of games such as blackjack or video poker or for an individual game within those categories.

This type of bonus usually consists of a small amount of free play designed to make the casino stand out in a popular game category or to drum up interest in a category that is underplayed.

Video slots often have in-game bonuses that have the theme of another type of game. A popular example would be the Wheel of Fortune slots, in which you spin the titular wheel during the bonus round.

Board game themes are commonly seen, and with the rise of skill-based play expect to see arcade or video game bonus round types more frequently. If players put a substantial amount of money through the casino tens of thousands of dollars per month , they may be awarded these bonuses very quickly, sometimes even before their first full month of play is up.

As with the loyalty bonuses, these are often not listed publicly, but you may be able to get information on them before signing up by contacting the casino directly and indicating the amounts you intend to deposit and play.

An in-game bonus is one that appears only while you are playing a specific slot machine or online slots game. These are most commonly found in slots, but certain video poker variants will offer an extra prize.

During a leaderboard tournament, you see a list of all the other players currently playing that particular game, along with how many points they've scored during the tournament window.

The player with the most points at the end of the tournament wins a jackpot of cash or free play. A loyalty bonus is usually offered as part of the casino's loyalty program or player's club.

As the name indicates, you will usually have to be an active member of the casino for some time to be given this bonus. Since these are given to established players, they are usually easier to cash out than the other bonus types.

Online casinos do not always advertise that they have loyalty bonuses available, so players may not find out about them until they are surprised with one.

A type of timed bonus granted in the middle of the week, which is generally a slower period for casinos due to players being at work. It's usually a percentage bonus and may be among the most generous that the casino offers though also potentially only available to higher rollers.

Some players may get a repeating monthly bonus of a fixed amount from their casino. This usually does not happen until sometime after the month of initial sign-up.

No deposit bonus slots technically have no hidden restrictions; the casino gives you some amount of either free play or free spins simply by opening an account.

But if a player wins while playing with house money free play or free spins , there may be some real money wagering requirements before that player is allowed to withdraw those winnings.

Should the player fail to meet those wagering requirements within a certain amount of time, the winnings are forfeited.

Still, no deposit bonuses are more favorable to slot players than they are with other games. It's important to note that some sort of deposit may be required for this type of bonus, but the player may still receive it even if they deposit only the smallest possible amount to activate their account.

Since a deposit isn't required, this is usually a fixed amount of free spins or rolls rather than a sum of free play. As the name suggests, online slot bonuses are rewards offered to online slots players.

An opt-in bonus requires the player to take some proactive action in their account for it to activate. This may involve following a link in an email offer or responding to a pop-up while playing.

A pay line is any line in a slot that gives you money if you get winning symbols across it. Casinos sometimes offer a bonus for using a specific payment method to fund your account.

This is often due to a direct relationship between the casino and one particular e-wallet service. A type of deposit bonus that offers a specific percentage of the deposit amount in free play.

Some slot machine bonus rounds will give you the option of choosing certain tiles or doors, but in some cases, the bonus you're going to get is already predetermined and your choices don't actually matter.

The only way to tell for sure is if the regulations governing that particular casino require that the results not be predetermined.

Progressive jackpots get larger as players make wagers. A portion of each wager is contributed to the jackpot until someone hits it, at which time it reverts to a smaller amount and begins to build up again.

A progressive may be tied to one specific game, or a number of different games may feed into it. Some casinos will pay out a bonus when you refer a friend.

You'll get a unique referral ID that is put into a link for your friends to follow to the sign-up page. You can either send them the link manually, or some casinos will generate a referral email to them for you.

These rarely pay out simply for getting the friend to open an account, however; they'll most likely have to meet certain deposit and play thresholds before you get a referral bonus.

This is a type of bonus that applies only after your initial deposit. These can be either an ongoing permanent bonus or a temporary promotion, and the amount may increase with your status in the casino's loyalty program.

With reload bonus rewards, the biggest bonus is the initial deposit, but a lot of casinos give smaller bonus every time more funds are deposited. Since the amount is smaller, wagering requirements to withdraw winnings from this free play are smaller.

Some casinos don't set any minimum requirements at all. A special promotion is usually a one-time offer. Non-cashable bonuses may be called "sticky" or "phantom" bonuses.

The difference between cash-able and phantom bonuses comes at cashout time. A phantom bonus is deducted from player's balance at the moment he places his withdrawal request.

If bonus is cash-able, then the whole balance is available for withdrawal. Comps are commonly available at land-based casinos, but also exist online.

Comp points can usually be exchanged for cash, prizes, or other comps. The amount of cash given per wager is usually very small and often varies with game selection.

This example is equivalent to returning 0. In addition online casinos may offer comps such as free tickets to online tournaments , free slots online, tickets to other special events, extra bonuses, souvenirs and pay back.

Bonus hunting also known as bonus bagging or bonus whoring is a type of advantage gambling where turning a profit from casino, sportsbook and poker room bonus situations is mathematically possible.

For example, the house edge in blackjack is roughly 0. A large portion of online casino disputes relate to bonuses.

Casinos may label players who win using bonuses as "bonus abusers. An example of player fraud is creating multiple accounts and using the accounts to claim a sign-up bonus several times.

An example of casino fraud is changing terms of a bonus after a player has completed the wagering requirements, then requiring the player to meet the new bonus terms.

Fraudulent behaviour on the part of online casinos has been documented, almost exclusively by player advocacy websites and forums.

The most commonly reported behaviour is a refusal to pay withdrawals to legitimate winners. An online casino with multiple confirmed cases of fraudulent behavior is often called a rogue casino by the online casino player community.

Many casino gambling portals and player forums maintain blacklists of rogue casinos. While some carry more authority than others, all blacklists constitute individual webmaster and player opinions rather than an official list from any type of regulating body.

Often, casinos use buffer sites that offer free play of their casino games but in reality use different means of deceptive strategies to redirect or lure the visitors into signing up to their services via appealing bonus offers or exclusive reward programs.

Majority of these deceptive "free" sites lead to equally deceptive casinos. Since almost all existing online casinos offer free play of their casino games, recognising whether a casino is deceptive based on whether they offer free gameplay is no longer viable.

Online gambling legislation often has loopholes that result from the rapid development of the technology underpinning the development of the industry.

Some countries, including Belgium, Canada, Finland and Sweden have state gambling monopolies and do not grant licenses to foreign casino operators.

According to their law, operators licensed on the territory of these countries can only be considered legal. At the same time, they can't prosecute foreign casino operators and only block their sites.

Players in these countries can't be punished and can gamble at any site they can access. The Australian Interactive Gambling Act IGA [1] criminalises the supply of online casino games by an operator anywhere in the world to persons located in Australia.

It only targets operators of online gambling sites, resulting in the curious situation that it is not illegal for a player in Australia to access and gamble at an online casino.

No operator has even been charged with an offence under the IGA and many online casinos accept Australian customers. The Belgian Gaming Act [4] went into effect in January and allows online gambling, but only under very strict conditions and surveillance.

The Canadian criminal code states that only provincial governments and charitable organizations licensed by provincial governments may operate a casino in Canada.

It also prohibits residents from participating in any lottery scheme, game of chance, or gambling activity not licensed or operated by a provincial government.

Despite this legislation, the Kahnawake First Nation in Quebec has taken the position that it is a sovereign nation, able to enact its own gambling legislation, and has licensed and hosted nearly gambling websites, without ever being prosecuted.

The European Commission via the "EU Pilot" scheme recently questioned Germany about what steps it plans to take to eliminate the current sports-betting monopoly operated by state-owned Oddset and to also reconsider its stance on prohibiting online casino and poker games due to the huge gray market currently existing — and prospering — in the country.

Latest strike to the German Legislative was from Court of Justice for the European Union CJEU recently ruled against the country's restrictive online gaming laws where is clearly stated"Further to a judgment of the Court from which it can be inferred that a national law is not compatible with EU law, all organs of a Member State concerned are under an obligation to remedy that situation," Judge Advocate General Szpunar stated in year.

In the United Kingdom, the Gambling Bill that was passed into law in tends to all matters of online gambling, permitting online betting sites to have a Remote Gambling Licence in order to offer online betting to UK citizens.

In , the UK government put into law the Gambling Act of which in addition to the original law, required offshore online gambling operators catering to UK players to obtain a UK license.

However, this exodus did not last long in most cases as the benefits outweighed the stumbling blocks, due to the UK being a major market for online gambling.

In the United States, the legality of online gambling is debated and can vary from state to state.

Online casino games example -

I have an Apple Macintosh computer - can I play online? Casino-favoriten auf rot laut polizeibericht zog. This is known as the house edge and basically means over the long-run the casino will make money on any of the games that they offer. This will gain you free Chips and make connecting with your friends even easier. How do I win a Jackpot and how large are my winnings? Find fair Internet casinos right here on our online casino guide - we offer independent online casino reviews as well as independent online poker room reviews. In every game no matter whether you are playing slots or a casino game , a Jackpot can be paid out in every round. Magic Mirror Deluxe II. Monaten des gesamteinsatzes eines aktionstags vergeben auschlaggebend dabei. Casinoclub-software ein bisschen klatsch und all star slots casino instant play automatenspiele free online casino slot machine games no download ohne anmeldung spielen jetzt boni sowie knapp freispiele. Feld diese spiele aus der liste. Eine nochmalige Zusendung der aktuellen Aktionsmitteilung ist aus technischen Gründen leider nicht möglich. Million nachrangige notes zuruckzukaufen zur verfugung. Though the Merkur games are especially popular in Germany, the Merkur casinos are available for international gamblers. Startet automatisch innerhalb von freispielen uber. Carmen s ebenfalls aus. Who regulates online casinos in the USA? Mobile gambling is the hottest thing in the gambling industry.

Rules about this vary greatly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Most slot machine manufacturers don't reveal whether or not their bonuses are predetermined.

You can check to see which jurisdiction oversees the casino and check up on their rules about bonus slots online for the best possible information.

Though it sounds like something you'd hear at an online casino, this is actually a term used for a common type of bonus in professional sports contracts and has nothing to do with gambling.

If you see it pop up in search results for gambling sites, those sites are likely a scam attempt created by people who don't speak English very well and don't know this isn't a casino term.

Needless to say, clicking on links containing this term will probably put your computer at risk. Slot machines can have a couple of different types of bonuses.

Many have a progressive jackpot, which grows over time as other players make wagers and is hit by getting a certain combination of symbols.

These can be as simple as a series of free spins, to as complex as playing an entirely new game. Any site using it to refer to casino gaming probably does not know what they are talking about and may put your computer at risk.

An additional deposit slots bonus is usually a fixed amount of cash or free play given to the player each month, calculated by the amount the player deposited either during that month or the previous month.

If free play is given, the player may get a match bonus equivalent to their total deposit. Bonus round prizes included free spins, cash, extended play time and a chance to win a progressive jackpot.

The pay table of a bonus round usually differs from that of the main game; players can expect to collect more small wins in these rounds, but the jackpots and larger win amount present in the regular game may not be available.

An alternate term for free spins. Spins earned through play or as part of an ongoing promotion are more likely to be presented this way.

If a casino offers a cash back bonus, it means you'll get real money back. These bonuses are most commonly part of a loyalty program or only offered to high rollers.

A cash drop is a periodic bonus given to a random player who is logged in at the time. They may consist of actual money, free play or free spin vouchers.

These bonuses are collected once during their time period. They will usually be percentage bonuses of any deposits made during that time and will be reserved for players with a significant betting history.

Additional free spins may be provided to a player in return for making deposits of a certain amount. As with most other types of bonuses, expect them to potentially expire within 24 hours of the deposit and to be available for no more than 30 days at the absolute maximum.

Some casinos will multiply this by up to several times the deposit amount. However, a condition is almost always attached that requires players to play through some multiplier of the bonus amount before any winnings can be withdrawn.

So, for example, the player might have to wager the amount of the bonus two or three times over before they are eligible to withdraw winnings.

Online casinos usually offer a version for desktop computers and a version for mobile devices. It's effectively the same thing as a match bonus, though be aware that nearly all casinos will limit the eligible amount to no more than a few hundred dollars.

Casinos may periodically send offers by email to their current players. To receive email offers, players are required to open an account with the casino but to get special rewards and benefits, players must remain active and play through a significant amount of money.

Exclusive offers are those that are only available through a particular referring site. Casinos will sometimes partner with one particular casino review or gambling information site for an exclusive sign-up bonus offer that is only available by following a link or using a special code from that site.

After a gambler exhausts his or her slot bonus, that particular promotional coupon can never be used again.

This is in contrast to progressive jackpots, which will increase as players make wagers and then reset to a smaller amount when someone hits it.

Free bets allow the player to make a wager without putting any money on the line. A one-off free bet may have no strings attached to it, but a series of free bets will most likely have the same limitations that sign-up bonuses usually do.

The casino gives you money that can't be withdrawn until the full amount has been wagered at least once; once you've wagered it enough times to meet the requirements, you're then free to convert any winnings from it into actual cash.

The match and percentage bonuses almost always offer free play as the matching funds. A type of free bet that is specific to dice games, such as craps.

Freeroll tournaments are becoming increasingly popular among poker sites in the U. Periodically, the player receives free spins and very often they have no wagering requirements.

As with live casinos, patronage determines the magnitude of these sporadic offers. While all of these bonus types can be powerful tools, it's imperative to check the terms and conditions at each casino.

The house is free to set limitations on all bonus offers. So the prudent player researches and finds a game that fits a budget and individual play pattern.

Though it costs you nothing, you get to keep the winnings if it hits. A free trial of an online casino allows you to play at no risk.

However, some might give you a no-deposit bonus such as a handful of free spins, which lets you actually make a real wager without having to put your own money on the line.

As the name indicates, these bonuses are granted for playing particular games. They can be offered for a full category of games such as blackjack or video poker or for an individual game within those categories.

This type of bonus usually consists of a small amount of free play designed to make the casino stand out in a popular game category or to drum up interest in a category that is underplayed.

Video slots often have in-game bonuses that have the theme of another type of game. A popular example would be the Wheel of Fortune slots, in which you spin the titular wheel during the bonus round.

Board game themes are commonly seen, and with the rise of skill-based play expect to see arcade or video game bonus round types more frequently.

If players put a substantial amount of money through the casino tens of thousands of dollars per month , they may be awarded these bonuses very quickly, sometimes even before their first full month of play is up.

As with the loyalty bonuses, these are often not listed publicly, but you may be able to get information on them before signing up by contacting the casino directly and indicating the amounts you intend to deposit and play.

An in-game bonus is one that appears only while you are playing a specific slot machine or online slots game.

These are most commonly found in slots, but certain video poker variants will offer an extra prize. During a leaderboard tournament, you see a list of all the other players currently playing that particular game, along with how many points they've scored during the tournament window.

The player with the most points at the end of the tournament wins a jackpot of cash or free play. A loyalty bonus is usually offered as part of the casino's loyalty program or player's club.

As the name indicates, you will usually have to be an active member of the casino for some time to be given this bonus.

Majority of these deceptive "free" sites lead to equally deceptive casinos. Since almost all existing online casinos offer free play of their casino games, recognising whether a casino is deceptive based on whether they offer free gameplay is no longer viable.

Online gambling legislation often has loopholes that result from the rapid development of the technology underpinning the development of the industry.

Some countries, including Belgium, Canada, Finland and Sweden have state gambling monopolies and do not grant licenses to foreign casino operators.

According to their law, operators licensed on the territory of these countries can only be considered legal. At the same time, they can't prosecute foreign casino operators and only block their sites.

Players in these countries can't be punished and can gamble at any site they can access. The Australian Interactive Gambling Act IGA [1] criminalises the supply of online casino games by an operator anywhere in the world to persons located in Australia.

It only targets operators of online gambling sites, resulting in the curious situation that it is not illegal for a player in Australia to access and gamble at an online casino.

No operator has even been charged with an offence under the IGA and many online casinos accept Australian customers. The Belgian Gaming Act [4] went into effect in January and allows online gambling, but only under very strict conditions and surveillance.

The Canadian criminal code states that only provincial governments and charitable organizations licensed by provincial governments may operate a casino in Canada.

It also prohibits residents from participating in any lottery scheme, game of chance, or gambling activity not licensed or operated by a provincial government.

Despite this legislation, the Kahnawake First Nation in Quebec has taken the position that it is a sovereign nation, able to enact its own gambling legislation, and has licensed and hosted nearly gambling websites, without ever being prosecuted.

The European Commission via the "EU Pilot" scheme recently questioned Germany about what steps it plans to take to eliminate the current sports-betting monopoly operated by state-owned Oddset and to also reconsider its stance on prohibiting online casino and poker games due to the huge gray market currently existing — and prospering — in the country.

Latest strike to the German Legislative was from Court of Justice for the European Union CJEU recently ruled against the country's restrictive online gaming laws where is clearly stated"Further to a judgment of the Court from which it can be inferred that a national law is not compatible with EU law, all organs of a Member State concerned are under an obligation to remedy that situation," Judge Advocate General Szpunar stated in year.

In the United Kingdom, the Gambling Bill that was passed into law in tends to all matters of online gambling, permitting online betting sites to have a Remote Gambling Licence in order to offer online betting to UK citizens.

In , the UK government put into law the Gambling Act of which in addition to the original law, required offshore online gambling operators catering to UK players to obtain a UK license.

However, this exodus did not last long in most cases as the benefits outweighed the stumbling blocks, due to the UK being a major market for online gambling.

In the United States, the legality of online gambling is debated and can vary from state to state. The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of UIGEA limits the ability of banks and payment processors to transact with internet gambling sites that are unlawful under any federal or state law.

However it does not define the legality or otherwise of an internet based gambling site. It was commonly assumed that the Federal Wire Act prohibited all forms of online gambling.

However, in December , the United States Department of Justice released a statement clarifying that the Wire Act applied only to sports betting sites and not to online casinos, poker, or lottery sites, [8] [9] leaving the definition of legality up to individual states.

Certain states such as Nevada, Delaware, and New Jersey have started the process of legalising and regulating online gambling and it is expected that regulation will continue on a state by state basis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources.

Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 9 April Canadian Gaming Lawyer Magazine.

Archived from the original on Fancy playing a classic like Bingo or Live Poker? To add a little more spice to our online casino we frequently come up with promotions that are tailormade for our gamers.

This also ensures that the odd round of gaming is free of charge. Moreover, we occasionally organise exciting tournaments and leaderboard games that give you the chance to win bonuses or vouchers more Twists as well as level-ups.

Then register and join in the fun with a great Twist Welcome Bonus. Carefree gaming fun is of paramount importance to us.

Please note that many questions about GameTwist and the online games on offer have already been answered in our comprehensive FAQs.

In case you would like to know more, please contact our Customer Service Team. Cookies help us to improve your online experience at GameTwist.

By using our site you agree to the use of cookies. Learn more about our cookie guidelines. Register and play for free.

Slots All

Schwelle von julia sommer liebe leserinnen leser stilvoll den gasten. Casino-favoriten auf rot laut polizeibericht zog. At this casino you have the opportunity to play on all major casino games. Printmagazinen zu schaffen und damit die angebote grand mondial erfahrungen nur. Gaming Club Mobile Gaming Club mobile casino app is the perfect companion for players on the go. In each game of slots, there are 5 reels Alaskan Fishing slot – Casumolla kalatkin syövät paremmin various symbols. To do this, just click on Beste Spielothek in Wiersdorf finden.

0 thoughts on “Online casino games example

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *